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If Else

This Go code demonstrates the use of conditional statements (if and else) and the use of the short declaration (:=). Let's go through each part of the code:
package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
// Check if 7 is even or odd
if 7%2 == 0 {
fmt.Println("7 is even")
} else {
fmt.Println("7 is odd")
}
// Check if 8 is divisible by 4
if 8%4 == 0 {
fmt.Println("8 is divisible by 4")
}
// Check if either 8 or 7 is even
if 8%2 == 0 || 7%2 == 0 {
fmt.Println("either 8 or 7 are even")
}
// Using the short declaration to declare a variable 'num' and check its value
if num := 9; num < 0 {
fmt.Println(num, "is negative")
} else if num < 10 {
fmt.Println(num, "has 1 digit")
} else {
fmt.Println(num, "has multiple digits")
}
}

Output

7 is odd
8 is divisible by 4
either 8 or 7 are even
9 has 1 digit

Explanation:

  1. 1.
    if 7%2 == 0 {...} else {...}: Checks if the remainder of dividing 7 by 2 is equal to 0. If true, it prints "7 is even," otherwise, it prints "7 is odd."
  2. 2.
    if 8%4 == 0 {...}: Checks if 8 is divisible by 4 (i.e., the remainder is 0). If true, it prints "8 is divisible by 4."
  3. 3.
    if 8%2 == 0 || 7%2 == 0 {...}: Checks if either 8 or 7 is even (i.e., the remainder is 0 when divided by 2). If true, it prints "either 8 or 7 are even."
  4. 4.
    if num := 9; num < 0 {...} else if num < 10 {...} else {...}: Uses the short declaration to declare a variable num and initialize it with the value 9. It then checks various conditions:
    • If num is less than 0, it prints "9 is negative."
    • If num is less than 10 (but not negative), it prints "9 has 1 digit."
    • If neither condition is true, it prints "9 has multiple digits."
These conditional statements help control the flow of the program based on the given conditions. The short declaration is often used in Go for concise variable declaration and initialization within a block.
Last modified 1mo ago