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Command-Line Flags

This Go program showcases the usage of the flag package to parse command-line arguments. Let's go through the code with inline comments:
package main
import (
func main() {
// Define flags using the flag package
wordPtr := flag.String("word", "foo", "a string")
numbPtr := flag.Int("numb", 42, "an int")
forkPtr := flag.Bool("fork", false, "a bool")
// You can also define a flag and bind it to an existing variable using flag.StringVar
var svar string
flag.StringVar(&svar, "svar", "bar", "a string var")
// Parse the command-line arguments
// Print the values of the flags and other non-flag arguments
fmt.Println("word:", *wordPtr)
fmt.Println("numb:", *numbPtr)
fmt.Println("fork:", *forkPtr)
fmt.Println("svar:", svar)
fmt.Println("tail:", flag.Args())
  1. 1.
    Defining Flags:
    • The program defines four flags using the flag package: wordPtr, numbPtr, forkPtr, and svar.
  2. 2.
    Setting Default Values:
    • Default values are specified for each flag using the String, Int, and Bool functions.
  3. 3.
    Binding to Existing Variables:
    • The program demonstrates how to bind a flag to an existing variable using flag.StringVar.
  4. 4.
    Parsing Flags:
    • flag.Parse() is called to parse the command-line arguments.
  5. 5.
    Printing Values:
    • The program prints the values of the flags and any non-flag arguments (referred to as "tail").
When you run this program with various command-line arguments, the values of the flags and the remaining arguments will be printed. For example:
go run main.go -word=hello -numb=7 -fork -svar=world arg1 arg2
word: hello
numb: 7
fork: true
svar: world
tail: [arg1 arg2]
You can experiment with different command-line arguments and see how the values of the flags change.